In this episode my BJJ coaches break down videos of Aikido competition known as Tomiki Aikido or officially as Shodokan Aikido. Tomiki Aikido is the only well known Aikido style which includes live Aikido sparring and Aikido competition both bare hand and with one attacker with a knife.
For other Aikido break downs with my BJJ coaches check these videos:
• Break Down of Aikido Masters: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I8VcKQT_BCQ&t=612s
• Break Down of Lenny Sly’s Aikido pressure testing kotegaeshi: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-vGI5YNt_rk&t=34s
• My BJJ coaches try to “fix” and Aikido technique: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bnkwhkQQ7vI
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More about Shodokan / Tomiki Aikido:
Shodokan Aikido (昭道館合気道 Shōdōkan Aikidō) is the style of Aikido founded in 1967 by Kenji Tomiki (富木 謙治 Tomiki Kenji, 1900–1979). Shodokan Aikido is sometimes referred to as “Sport Aikido” because of its use of regular competitions, the style also may be referred to as “Tomiki Aikido”. Shodokan places more emphasis on free-form randori sparring than most other styles of aikido. The training method requires a balance between randori and the more stylized kata training along with a well-developed set of training drills both specific for randori and for general aikido development. The participation in actual shiai (competitive randori) very much depends on the club with greater emphasis being found in the university clubs, although randori is core to all Shodokan clubs.
In 1967 Kenji Tomiki built a Shodokan hombu dojo in Osaka, Japan, to teach, train and promote his style. The style itself, could arguably have been founded with the formation of the Waseda University Aikido Club in 1958. Today, Shodokan Aikido is organised with two major groups, the Japan Aikido Association (JAA) and the Shodokan Aikido Federation (SAF).
Competitions take the form of tanto randori or toshu randori, and also embu (演武) in which pairs (tori and uke) are judged on their kata. Toshu randori (徒手乱取) is barehanded, and both practitioners are expected to perform techniques on one another and attempt to resist and counter each other’s techniques. The appearance of this form is heavily influenced by judo randori with a few changes designed to enhance the use of aikido technique (for example, one is not allowed to grasp the opponent’s keikogi).
In tanto randori (短刀乱取), there is a designated attacker (tantō) and a designated empty-handed defender (toshu). The attacker attempts to stab the defender with a training knife (usually rubber or stuffed) while the defender attempts, with any of seventeen basic aikido techniques, to throw or perform joint-locks on the attacker. Tantō is expected to resist or counter with the first five techniques. In competition, the roles switch, with competitors having the same amount of time with and without the knife. In both these forms of randori, the traditional separation between the performer of technique (tori) and the receiver of technique (uke) no longer exists, as either participant may throw the opponent.
Tanto tsukiari (短刀突きあり) – 1 point – Awarded for a successful tantō strike. For the strike to count, the tantō must land on the upper half of the torso. The arm must be extended, the strike should be perpendicular to the attacker’s body, and the attacker must be moving forward, finished with good balance. Glancing hits do not count. Obviously, this does not apply to toshu randori.
Yuko (有効) – 1 point – Awarded for a balance break, or for making your opponent retreat out of the designated area.
Waza-ari (技あり) – 2 points – Awarded for a full throw or lock, but losing good posture and balance.
Ippon (一本) – 4 points – Awarded for a full throw or lock, keeping good posture and balance.
Shido – 1/2 point – Awarded to the opponent when a competitor commits minor violation. Shido are only counted in pairs. Examples of shido are:
Dogi-mochi shido – Grabbing hold of the gi.
Taisabaki shido – Failure to dodge properly, e.g. by swatting the knife away instead of moving out of its path or receiving a glancing blow.
Tanto shido – Failure to mind the knife: tanto may receive a tanto shido if he or she drops or loses control of the knife; toshu may receive a tanto shido if he or she allows the tanto to be pressed against their body for three seconds.
Chui – 1 point – Awarded to the opponent when a competitor commits a major violation. In American tournaments, 2 chui end the match.
The Aikido World Championships are held every two years, rotating between Japan and a foreign location.